A Bill of Lading (B/L) and a
Waybill are considered extremely important shipping documents with concern to
international trade. The key difference between the two is the fact that
Waybill does not convey the Title. The cargo can only be released to the person
named as consignee on the waybill and no original documents are required. An
airway bill (AWB) is a document of proof as an issue of receipt by the air
carrier to the shipper. This is handed over to the shipper at the time of
receipt of goods for on-carriage shipping terms. A Bill of Lading, on the other
hand, is the proof of receipt that a sea carrier issues to a shipper for
receipt of goods for on carriage terms of shipping. In this blog, we look at a
AWB and Bill of Lading that Transco Cargo uses and how it is filled.
AirWay Bill Guide
The following include the list of items that need to be
filled out accordingly;
HAWB No. or House AirWay Bill Number
Shipper’s Name and Address information
Shipper’s Account Number with Transco Cargo
Consignee’s Name and Address information
Consignee’s Account Number with Transco Cargo
Airport/Departure and Requested routing information
Airport of Destination
Requested Flight Information
Optional shipping information
Refers to the IncoTerms, eg:
Weight charge / Valuation charge)
Declared Value for Carriage
Specify value, or state No value Declared
Declared Value for Customs
Specify value, or state No Commercial Value or No Customs Value
Specific information on handling the cargo
Rate Class and Commodity No (Code)
This refers Rate Classes – B,C, E,K,M,N Q,R, S, U, W, X, Y
Nature and Quantity of Goods
The volume of the cargo should be specified
Issuing Carrier or Agent Information
Bill of Lading Guide
The following include the list of items that need to be
filled out accordingly;
Bill of Lading Number
Port of Loading
Excess Value Declaration
Port of Discharge
Freight Payable at:
No. of Originals
This refers to the number of original B/Ls issued
Description of Goods
This can include information on the type of goods, eg- Used personal
Information on Cargo
Includes Container information, seals, type, weight, volume, package
Refers to the IncoTerms for
carriage, eg: FOB (Free on Board)
Freight details and charges
Charges can include the likes of clearance & delivery, AQIS
inspection, Destination port charges
Place and Date of Issue
Place of Receipt
Place of Delivery
Total number of packages
This refer to specifying the number of packages included in the
Transco Cargo Waybill and Bill of Lading Guide was last modified: March 5th, 2020 by Transco International
As the Coronavirus COVID-19 spreads
further into different regions of the world, we look at how it impacts global
shipping. With the virus stemming from China, and thereafter spreading to the
various corners of the world from person-to-person contact due to travel, there
have been many deaths with numbers rising. CovID-19 first broke out in December
of 2019 in Wuhan, China, since then the numbers of affected people has risen to
over 35,000 within Mainland China, and approximately 400 outside of China.,
With seven of the top ten largest global shipping ports located in China, the
disease has had a great impact on global shipping. The death toll rises and countries
go into crisis mode, there have been many travel adversaries as well as
operations of many businesses slowing down, and not to mention the US-China
Trade issues, there have been many areas in which the global shipping industry
has been impacted.
Though the year is only two
months in, the global shipping industry has been many changes from additional
fuel costs due to the IMO 2020 and the need to switch to low-Sulphur fuels,
there have been many setbacks since the outbreak that escalated after the Lunar
New Year. Shipyards that were meant to be filled with vessels being retrofitted,
they have remained closed due to the Coronavirus. With slow manufacturing of
vessels and China-built products, and also low container volumes, many global
shipping carriers have had to result in blank sailings.
China and its link to trade routes,
which links up China to Europe and China to North America, the entirety of
global shipping in terms of container shipping, have been heavily disrupted to
a point where producers of containerized goods have halted production or at low
levels. Apart from container global shipping, China is also connected via the One
Belt One Road route, which has been hurt by labor shortages, thus there have
been many impacts to global shipping and trade as the world hurries to find
cures to stop the outbreak before it takes more lives.
The Impact of Coronavirus on Global Shipping was last modified: February 24th, 2020 by Transco International
Previously we highlighted the “Classification and Shipping of Hazardous Goods” to stress that not only are hazardous good classified in nine tiers, but also they should be duly labelled for transit accordingly. The AITA has set regulations that make shipment of hazardous goods over air travel tricky if your cargo is on the list of dangerous goods. Thus, sea cargo of hazardous goods is the inevitable choice but still poses many risks that should be explicitly understood. In this edition of the Transco Cargo Blog, we look at the particulars to keep in mind when sending sea cargo of hazardous goods.
Guidelines for Packing when Sending Sea Cargo of Hazardous Goods
We cannot stress this enough,
that when sending sea cargo of hazardous goods, it needs to be properly
packed. Packing the sea cargo contents
well is a critical factor to ensure safe passage between origin point to
delivery. Whist cargo damages are part and parcel of shipping when contents are
not packaged properly and they move around during transit, it poses more of a
risk when it concerns the transit of hazardous goods. It’s vital that the cargo
is packed properly, to ensure no leakages or ability of spilling over. The use
of cushioning materials or lashing items so that the cargo doesn’t move within
the box or crate is extremely important too. If there are any damages or
leakages within your cargo, your entire shipment may be delayed.
It is also important to note that
if you are transporting hazardous and non-hazardous goods, it should all be
packed well, braced in the container, and secured safely for transport. As we
mentioned in our prior blog article, the hazardous goods should be placed
closer to the doors for faster removal.
Extra Handling Fees
It is very possible that due to
the risk involved, there will be extra handling fees associated with sending
sea cargo of hazardous goods. Insurance related to these goods have also risen,
and it is possible that you will be asked to pay for it.
Completing Documentation Accurately
Documentation is a vital
component in any shipment, however when it concerns shipments of hazardous goods
in question, it is a critical element.
One of the first things is to ensure that you have declared your
hazardous goods in the commercial invoice. There are also other documents that
need to be taken care of when sending hazardous goods which include the likes
of Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), Dangerous goods request, dangerous goods
declaration, dangerous manifest, Transport Emergency Card or TREM Card.
Let us at Transco Cargo handle
these for you. Follow the link for more information on Restricted
Sending Sea Cargo of Hazardous Goods was last modified: February 7th, 2020 by Transco International
Items with integral hazardous characteristics are classified
as dangerous or hazardous goods. When shipping items that have been classified
as such that if not properly controlled can cause health issues or hurt to
those who are handling the goods in transit, which is irresponsible of the
sender/owner. Thus the classification and shipping of hazardous goods needs to
be done with utmost care.
The classification of hazardous goods are broken down based
on the hazard in question as per the United Nations (UN) classifications whish
are the following.
Oxidizing Substances/Organic Pesticides
Identify the Hazardous Goods
The process in shipping hazardous
goods, first off identify the hazardous good, which includes understanding the
makeup of the item. This is an important step as the shipper needs to
understand what they are sending, as many things that are inconspicuous, can
also be classified as dangerous or hazardous goods. These include the likes of
table tennis balls, nail polish, paint, perfumes even though they do not
contain dangerous components.
Air Travel Restrictions
The IATA (International Air
Transport Association) have set regulations for transport of such goods via air
travel as most dangerous goods are allowed for travel only via ground (which
means that express shipping of hazardous goods is not possible). In addition, it should be noted, that certain
dangerous or hazardous goods are banned in certain countries and as a shipper,
one should know this before shipping. Whilst certain countries may allow
certain goods, you should also know whether shipping networks or couriers are
willing to carry them. In the event, you will not be able to use ignorance as a
defense and may have to pay fines when not complying with the laws and
regulations of the import country.
Careful Packing and Packaging
There are set regulations by the
IATA that deem hazardous goods not being safe to travel via air freight, thus
it’s usually carried out via sea freight. It is very important that each item
is packed safely and properly to ensure the safety of cargo handlers and not
causing damages or leakages that could cause a “situation” endangering living
beings and properties. If the likes of hazardous and non-hazardous goods are
being shipped together in the same shipping container the hazardous goods
should be tightly and safely packed, braced in and secured for transport. It
should also be placed in an area of the container that are accessible easily or
quickly in the event of an emergency, such as closest to the container doors in
for swift removal. Furthermore, it is vital that the necessary labels using
IMDG code/UN number of the cargo be indicated clearly to easily access risk and
level of danger from the cargo content.
Stay tuned for the next installment
on Hazardous Goods and the Process of Shipping them!
Classification and Shipping of Hazardous Goods was last modified: February 6th, 2020 by Transco International
Knowing the basics and important
factors when moving goods in and out of a country can be beneficial, so we’ve
put together a concise shipping guide for shipment that meant to travel to or
from Australia. Whether it’s for personal reasons, such as sending a parcel
overseas, documents, personal belongings or even excess luggage, to the commercial
uses, from ecommerce business operations to massive business solutions, it’s important
to factor in a few things.
One of the first steps is finding
a reputed international shipping company, with Transco Cargo being reputed international
freight forwarding and shipping company, we have you covered. Transco Cargo can
undertake the task of carefully packing your belongings in the best way for
safety and stability during transit. Once these are packed into shipping boxes or
crates, it will be loaded into the shipping container securely.
By opting to have Transco Cargo wrap
the items securely and pack them into the respective shipping box/crate, our expert
shipping representatives will be able to also ensure that items that would be
confiscated by the Australian Quarantine and Customs authorities will not be
packed. It is important to not pack any item that can be confiscated or quarantined,
as that will hold up the cargo. If you are shipping personal items, let’s say
for a home relocation or move overseas (to Australia), ensuring that the likes
of your vacuum, lawn mower or other garden tools are properly cleaned/disinfected
and will pass the quarantine process.
The Australian Quarantine
Inspection Service (AQIS) carried out stringent inspections to ensure that
pests to not enter the local environment or agricultural industries. Thus,
items of food, plants materials or animals need to be well disposed of before
it is packed. As a shipping guide for shipments, we would be amiss if we did not
inform you that as a general rule of thumb, you should avoid including foot
items in your shipping container when sending cargo to Australia.
Another thing to note would be
what goods should be declared. If you are packing your own items, make sure you
have a notebook nearby so that you know what items you have packed and need to
be declared for shipping. The following part of our shipping guide for
shipments to Australian includes a list of items to declare.
– Including rawhide items (drums, handcraft items, shields, dog chews,)
or treated hides, skins, furs hair or feathers
Bamboo, Cane, Rattan Basket Ware/Mats – Including
carved coconut items, and cane baskets/decorations
Biscuits, Cakes and Confectionaries – Including
chocolate items, sweets, crisps, nuts, pretzels
Dried Fruits/Vegetables –
Fresh/Dried Flowers – Including leis and fresh/dried floral arrangements
Herbs and Spices (of any kind/variety) – Including
herbal medicines and remedies, tonics and teas
Noodles & Rice – Including processed and
Plant Products – Including straw packaging, wooden
articles (refer below), other artefacts, handcraft and curio items such as
wreathes and cereal/grain decorations
– including seeds, seed ornaments, nuts (out of shell – which are
Teas, Coffees, and other Milk Based Drinking Products
Wooden Products – Including lacquered and
Get in touch with Transco Cargo, your reputed and friendly shipping partner. Stay tuned for more guides for shipments in the following weeks!
A Brief Shipping Guide for Shipments for Australia was last modified: February 7th, 2020 by Transco International
If you are planning on shipping
boxes of your personal effects or even excess luggage, knowing the best packing
techniques and practices can go a long way should you opt to handle the
packaging yourself. Here are some best packing techniques and practices to keep
in mind when packing your own shipping boxes.
Leave No Voids or Empty Spaces
As with many items, what you wish
to ship may not be the same shape or dimension of the shipping box, it is
important to ensure the contents are secure during transit. Furthermore, you
also need to ensure that the contents do no move around and cause damage to the
contents as well as the box.
To ensure that there are no
voids, choose the best type of internal packaging material to that all empty
spaces are filled and the contents are secure and do not move around.
6cm Distance from the Walls of the Shipping Box
It’s important to ensure a 6cm
distance from the walls of the shipping box is maintained or is kept in the
middle of the box. This should be kept in mind when selecting your shipping
Wrap Items Individually or Use Dividers
It’s always a great idea to wrap
each item individually with packaging material and/or utilize dividers. This is
especially important when shipping many items in one single shipping box. You
can do this with either the use of corrugated inserts or dividers. It’s useful
to avoid friction between multiple items being shipped. If there are smaller items, it should be
placed within smaller containers and then placed inside the shipping box.
Choose the Right Packing Method – Basic or Box-in-Box
You will need to assess what kind
of shipping box you will need in order to ensure that the above mentioned
factors are kept in mind. You can either choose the basic packing method, which
is ideal for non-fragile items where you place items in the center of the box
with the suitable packaging material. The other would be the box-in-box packing
method that utilizes a second box for added security during transportation. It’s
ideal for fragile items or in the event the inner box will be utilized for
retail use and needs to maintain pristine conditions.
Apply Best Packing Techniques and Practices when Shipping Boxes was last modified: February 24th, 2020 by Transco International
Many types of packaging materials can be used when packing
your cargo goods. From bubble wrap, air bags, to cardboard and the likes of
foam peanuts or pellets, there are many to choose from. But you should
remember, each item of internal packaging material has its own uses and
features, and they should be used appropriately.
Whilst bubble wrap, which is one of the most commonly used type
of packaging material, whilst it does help fill empty spaces inside a shipping
box or crate, there may be more ideal choices to serve the purpose of filling
The following table will help with choosing the best
internal packaging materials for when shipping your goods.
Type of Material
Whilst bubble wrap does provide
cushioning, filling vids, offers
protection it should be noted that there are two types of bubble wrap,
there are small cell ¼ inch bubble wraps which are suitable for lightweight
goods as it provides interleaving functions whereas large cell ½ inch bubble
wrap is ideal for medium-weight goods as it provides blocking functions.
Shredded cardboard which doesn’t offer cushioning, but helps
with filling voids and offering protection and acting as dividers between
different goods, it also offers shock absorption during transit.
We at Transco Cargo, as experts in shipping and logistics,
can help pack your cargo to take the hassle away from deciding which type of
packaging material to use for which goods. Get in touch with us!
Types of Internal Packaging Materials for your Cargo Goods was last modified: February 6th, 2020 by Transco International
Whilst Japan prepares for the
2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics games in Tokyo, some freight forwarding
and customs guides have been adjusted to for those exporting and importing to
and from Japan concerning Olympiad formalities and equipment. These concern
those that are considered Game Stakeholders, that is people or organizations
that involved in the games in question and who are responsible for not only
arranging for their freight forwarding but also undertake customs clearance as
well. Whilst you will be able to handle these on your own, should you need
help, Transco Cargo can assist in arranging logistics from Australia to Tokyo
and ensuring all formalities are taken care of.
There are several locations in which the games will be held at, with eight stadiums being chosen, seven on the mainland and one on the island of Hokkaido Prefecture. When its for import or export, all parties must declare the cargo goods, including the product’s name, quantities, prices and other information deemed necessary by the Japanese customs authorities for due investigations by the customs officers. Furthermore, all taxes will required to be paid. This will include tariffs when it involves importing. Games stakeholders will also be required to process through formalities to garner permission for the import/export of the cargo.
Know what is expected
It should be noted that the formalities are processed through an information-processing system called NACCS, which stands for Nippon Automated Cargo and Port Consolidated System. It enables individuals or organizations to pay the tax online. The process of import/export declaration is complex as are the laws involved and thus will require expert knowledge and the use of a customs broker will prove beneficial.
Import formalities include tariffs and internal consumption taxes, import declaration, having all relevant documents ready for import declaration, following the import regulations and requirements, organizing bonded transport, facilitating international postal matters, and ensuring that a courier delivers the goods. In the event there is no party in Japan to handle the import declaration, it is possible to appoint an individual residing in Japan as an ACP (Attorney for Customs Procedures). In the event there is a representative in japan, they are liable for a tax exemption provided the exemptions are met. Export formalities on the other hand will include the re-export of temporarily imported goods and complying to the prohibited/regulated goods for export.
By tasking your logistics partner
to ensure that your cargo for the Tokyo 2020 Games are properly handled,
shipped and cleared through customs, you are able to focus on winning!
Tokyo 2020 Freight Forwarding and Customs Guide was last modified: February 7th, 2020 by Transco International
As the New Year draws closer, we look at how global trade
may be affected. With these 2020 ocean shipping trends to keep an eye out for,
you will be able to decide for yourself what business decisions to make.
Increase in Shipping Costs
If you were to compare the
shipping industry costs to China at the dawn of 2019, it was much higher than
it is now. There was a dip in fixed rates during the months of April and May,
but with the introduction of the low sulfur regulation as per IMO 2020. The
costs will be factored based on the types of carriers and thus will be adjusted
Becoming more Sustainable and Eco-friendly
With the effect of IMO 2020 Low Sulfur Fuel regulation,
there are also more regulations coming in that will require ship owners to
become more sustainable and environmentally friendly. The LSF regulation looks
towards lowering emissions by 2050, where other measures include cleaning dirty
ballast water such/discharge by 2024.
Technology to Increased Efficiency
The use of technology to aid in
bettering processes and business models/structures will continue in the
shipping industry. This will improve the likes of customer experiences, and digitize
processes via automation and digitization.
Industries of Scale
Following the concept of industries
of scale, the shipping industry will become more balanced with carriers
controlling supply with more discipline and becoming market influencers. Balancing
of supply and demand will occur, but smaller carriers will continue to be
vulnerable as they look towards forming alliances.
Since mid of 2018, there have been geographic
shifts within the shipping industry temperament that showed that importers were
looking towards alternate counties of origin for their businesses. Whilst this
have been occurring within the last year, there will be shift in volumes in
2020. That would mean that Southeast Asian countries will be gearing up for infrastructural
investments and offerings, whereas Chinese shipping volumes will reduce.
2020 Ocean Shipping Industry Trends to Prepare for was last modified: January 14th, 2020 by Transco International
With time and newer procedures,
policies and operations are brought into action, you will find change is just
part and parcel of life, be it personal or business related. One change in the
shipping industry that has affected the world over would be the Low Sulfur
Surcharge that will go into effect on 1 January 2020. However, if you mostly
deal with Australia to India shipments, then the new customs requirements when
shipping to India should be on your radar. This is the Know-Your-Customer or
KYC document that is required by the Government of India as a recognized proof
of document for identity and address. This document will be needed and should
be presented at the time of clearing your cargo.
So, what is the KYC document and why is the new procedure for this
new customs requirement? This document declares that you the entity based
within India who can either or be the exporter/importer from/to India. The breakdown
of the types/forms of organisations are as follows based on the extract
circular No.9/2010 on KYC norms for Courier issued by Indian Customs.
If you are an individual below the age of 18, then the following
will be required;
Provide any ONE of the following document as Id and Address Proof of Minor. The address proof should match with the delivery address mentioned on your shipment a) Aadhar Card of Minor b) PAN Card * of Minor c) Passport of Minor d) Birth Certificate of Minor * A separate address proof document will be required
Provide any ONE of the following document as Id Proof of Parent / Guardian. a) Aadhar Card of Parent/Guardian b) PAN Card of Parent/Guardian c) Passport of Parent/Guardian
Provide any ONE of the following address proof document in case the address on your KYC document does not match with the delivery address. The address on this document should match with the delivery address. a) Bank Account Statement b) Electricity Bill c) Hotel Booking Receipt d) Hostel / College Id card
If you are foreign national based in India, then the following
will be needed for your counterpart in continent to accept the cargo when
shipping to India from Australia.
Identity Proof 1 – Passport Identity Proof 2 – Visa / PIO Card
Address Proof – Please provide any ONE of the following address proof document. The address on this document should match with the delivery address. a) Address proof of relative/friend if staying with them b) Hotel Booking Receipt c) Rent Agreement d) Stay Visa e) Other Document
KYC Customs Requirement when Shipping to India was last modified: December 10th, 2019 by Transco International